As we get ready to turn in our computer at school, and will not be able to easily blog for 3 weeks; we look back at what we’ll miss most about China…here’s our Top Ten List of Things We’ll Miss About China:
1. The Chinese people-after almost 3 years here, the one thing we have learned, the Chinese people are some of the nicest people you will ever meet. They love foreigners, if you love them back. They’ll help you if you need help. They smile. They laugh. They will do their best to understand your poor Chinese, or wild and crazy hand-gestures. They are sweet people. The young, the old, the in-betweens…they are wonderful! One note: the Chinese government, you see on CNN, is not the Chinese people! There are many different groups of people in China. Although most are Han, there are so many other groups like the Uyghurs, the Hakka, the Miao,…a minority may have 20 million people!
2. The Chinese respect for older people-they do respect their elders here. If you are on a bus and an older person gets on, the younger people give up their seats. They’ve even done this for us (are we old???)! Older people are everywhere…not confined to the Old Folks’ Home.
3. How the Chinese love their children-the One-Child-Policy assures this, but it is quite a thing to witness…these children are revered by their parents, of course, and their grand-parents (often both sets) who do “day-care” while the parents work. It’s a system that has been in place for a generation now!
4. The fresh cheap vegetables and eggs here-we don’t ask where they come from, or what they are treated with…we just buy them for little money and enjoy all year round…we have not been sick from them!
5. The Chinese lights and fireworks-everything here is festooned with lights in bright colors, buildings, bridges, highways…fireworks are so common, we hardly look at them, as you would at home…they light fireworks to move into a new home…to move out of an old home…to celebrate a wedding, birth, death…the whole spectrum!
6. How the Chinese embrace/love American culture-most Chinese love Mickey Mouse, the movies, Sponge-Bob, …they are proud if they can speak English…they come up to us and say “Hello,” and they laugh when we say, “Ni hao!” back. They watch American tv shows and listen to American music. Many learn English this way! They love McDonalds and KFC too…(hope they don’t get fat like Americans!)
7. The Chinese snack foods…these are not to be confused with “junk-food…they are things like corn on the cob, melon-on-a stick, pineapple-on-a-stick, tofu-on-a-stick, cucumbers, roasted chestnuts, sweet potatoes from a roadside roaster, sticky rice in a lotus-leaf triangle, green-pea and green-tea ice cream, pomegranates…Buddha cookies, moon cakes….YUM!
8. DUMPLINGS! There are all kinds of dumplings here…meat, vegetable, shrimp. They come in flour wrappings, rice wrappings…they are small and large. The Chinese love them, and we do too!
9. The crowds-there is something amazing about crowds here…you can be in the middle of one and not feel you are about to be crushed…it’s more like being in the sea…you are moved about by the current, the flow…there is something “ordered” about it…it isn’t scary, after the first few times…it makes you feel like you are part of humanity…
10. The Chinese love of simplicity of life-like wearing something silly like bunny-ears, or their pajamas out in public…or sleeping whenever they get the chance… They would rather be comfortable, than look perfect…they have a sense of humor about themselves…something we can all learn from. There are many things we will miss when we leave China…these are just some!
In China’s modernization of its cities, they have made a conscious effort to deck things out in colored lights everywhere, at least in the cities, that is! The buildings are lit, the highways are lit, the trees are lit, the water is lit…everything imaginable!
So, China loves lights…they’re happy…they look cool…they could be like fireworks(another popular thing here!). They do use energy…and China is aware…but it keeps them lit, until 10 each night…then lights out!
Back to writing about China…we are in our last month here, and still have much to report on.
This post is about Chinese banks….there are so many banks here, it is difficult to know where to start. The obvious bank to start with is the Bank of China (well-named!). When you see the skyline of Hong Kong, it is the iconic building, designed by I.M Pei, with the many triangles…also criticized as all these straight lines are not good “Feng Shui.”
You would think that this would be China’s biggest bank chain, but, no, it isn’t. That would be ICBC, the Industrial and Commercial Bank of China, the world’s largest bank. There are so many banks in China, one has to ask, “Why?” All these banks must be for the Chinese to put all their money in. We all have heard how much money the Chinese have now. So how much do Chinese people save? “The most credible estimate places China’s household saving rate for 2007 at nearly 26 percent.” (http://www.foreignpolicy.com/articles/2012/01/19/why_the_chinese_save?page=0,1)
How does this compare to the rate of saving in the US? “U.S. savings rate falls to zero. The personal savings rate hits its lowest rate since 2001 as Americans put their faith in the rising value of their home.” (articles.moneycentral.msn.com/…/USSavingsRateFallsToZero) So, the Chinese save more. We guess that’s the reason for all of the banks. There are over 36,000 banks and credit unions here in China (Wikipedia).
There is the state or government-owned bank, the People’s Bank of China, along with the “Big Four” banks: Bank of China, Chinese Construction Bank, the Agricultural Bank of China, and the Industrial and Commercial Bank of China (ICBC); the state-owned commercial banks that manage all of the government’s money. Then there are all of the provincial banks, city banks, and foreign banks. The interesting thing is, the government has ultimate control of ALL of these banks, even foreign banks. The state retains a 51% share of these banks, so even though you can buy shares in these banks on the stock exchange, the Chinese government is still the major share-holder. (Wikipedia) So there is no question about regulation, or bank fraud, unless the government is doing the fraud (?). That is one of the advantages of a “totalitarian” government. As we know the Chinese have most of our money, and it is in all of the these banks. Our question, though, is, why do they need so many banks, if the government has the ultimate control? We don’t have the clear answer to that question.
The banks do have many of the amenities of regular banks in the US. They issue bank-cards or debit-cards. In fact, for a place where credit-cards are not that popular, there are over 1.89 billion debit-cards in use (Wikipedia), more than one for each person in China! We have a debit-card, issued from our bank here. So, obviously, the government wants people to be able to access their money and spend it…got to keep that economy going! Banks are open 7 days a week here, no problems on Sunday…religion is not an issue! There are ATMs everywhere, with minimal charges…the banks do not need them to make money! All banks here use a system similar to the Department of Motor Vehicles; you go in, get a ticket with a number on it, sit down until your number and window are called, then go to that window and get service. All the tellers who handle money are behind glass, and they have pocket windows to hand money through, so no bank robberies unless you can shoot through the glass, but wait, no one has guns here…so why the glass? Guess it must be because the weapon of choice is a knife of cleaver, so that’s the what the glass is for!
Within a block of where we live there more than a dozen banks, with new ones being built…that’s what many of the new buildings going up are…more banks!
So think of all this the next time you complain about the banks at home and the fact the Chinese have all of our money…what are they doing with it? It’s sitting in their banks! Moving China ahead!
Being an American, visiting both Hiroshima and Nagasaki (in that order), and standing under both “hypocenters,” (geographic places where the atomic bombs exploded) was a moving and sobering experience. Each city has established a Peace Park with museum that tells the details of the explosions of the atomic bombs and their aftermath. These Peace Parks promote peace, of course, and share knowledge on the danger of nuclear proliferation. We were constantly stopping, looking around, and really thinking of the devastation that these two bombs wrought. Talk about “pause for thought”!
The Hiroshima bomb was exploded at 8:15 am on August 6, 1945. It was a beautiful summer day with clear blue skies. The picture above of the A-Bomb Dome shows the remains of the building which was the Hiroshima Prefectural Industrial Promotion Hall. The bomb exploded approximately 600 meters above this building. The heat from the bomb melted the copper dome on top.
After the blast and the ensuing cleanup, there was much controversy in Hiroshima about whether or not this building should be torn down, as many other buildings were. Many Japanese wanted all reminders of the blast removed or erased. Obviously it was preserved, but it took over 20 years to reach a final decision. It was decided in 1966 by Hiroshima to preserve it; it was made a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1996, again after much discussion. China was against it becoming a UNESCO site because it would downplay the fact that Japan had killed many more people during the war in places like China, etc. so why should their war memorial be made a UNESCO site? The US was also against this because it said that having a specific war memorial would not consider the whole context of the war itself. The US did not cast its vote in this decision. (Wikipedia).
The reason why much of this building survived intact was because there was less downward force from the blast…more force went out horizontally. The people working inside this building were all killed instantly. Overall, over 70,000 people perished at the time of the blast, and another 70,000 died from injuries from the radiation (Wikipedia). The magnitude of this was all very hard to fathom. Hiroshima had a population of about 340,000 to 350,000 before the attack.
The Hiroshima Museum is a very comprehensive account of what happened after the explosion, along with the history leading up to it, complete with a letter from Albert Einstein to FDR, saying the splitting of an atom could be used to make a bomb, and the Germans were probably working on it…to the attack, after effects, to the individuals’ stories of those who died, to the modern day problem of nuclear proliferation. It was filled with artifacts from the blast, like personal remnants; a child’s lunch box, that was the only piece found by one parent to remember their child by…all very sad stories… Many middle-school-aged children were killed because they were there, not in school, when the bomb went off. They were involved in the war effort tearing down buildings to make fire lanes, in case of fire from the imminent bombing that they expected. Hiroshima had been spared from bombing, along with the other potential targets, as the US wanted to isolate and thus measure the force of one bomb…
We saw some of the paper cranes made by the Japanese girl Sadako Sasaki, who was two when the bomb hit. Ten years later she developed leukemia, and while in the hospital she started folding origami paper cranes, because it was believed if you folded 1000 cranes, the gods would grant you a wish. Folding these origami paper cranes has become a symbol of peace.
Some of the facts about Hiroshima and the bomb were unimaginable…the flash was so bright that people’s shadows were “burned” into stone…people who happened to be touching a window towards the flash developed black fingernails that grew abnormally long…children were burned unrecognizable, but were still alive (but died later in a day or two), and whose parents only could identify them by their voices…we left the museum feeling drained. We sat on a bench along the river to regain some energy.
In Nagasaki, we also visited the Peace Park. Nagasaki is more hilly, and is in a large bowl, so the destruction was great there too, when the bomb exploded at 11:01 am on August 9, 1945. Its population was about 240,000 before, and casualties numbered 70,000 dead, 70,000 wounded, and 120,000 left homeless…effectively the whole population… (from plaque in Nagasaki Peace Garden Park).
The fact that the only two atomic weapons used in war were in these two places, stayed with us. Add to that the tsunami and nuclear damage from Fukushima, and Japan has been severely damaged by nuclear devices; it’s no wonder they are closing all of their nuclear plants!
After visiting these two places, we left thinking how important peace is, and how hard it is to maintain. Barbara said that this experience really made her want to do something about peace (more than she already does in her work as a counselor). “If peoples want peace, it is possible, if we are willing,” she says.
Peace be with you all, and with Hiroshima and Nagasaki.
We spent only about a day and a half in Tokyo but got to see a bit of the famous city. We were staying in the shadow of the Tokyo Tower, so we visited that. It is patterned after the Eiffel Tower, and was built in 1959.
We got up the next morning at 4:45 am to go the the Tsukiji Fish Market. You have to get there early in the morning, as that’s when all the action is…if you go later in the day, it is over, or closed. This fish market is the largest fish market in the world (sorry Portland Fish Market!). It covers a number of blocks, and has fish coming in, fresh and frozen, daily; that is unpacked, sold, and packed up and shipped all over. There is a fish auction where things like tuna are auctioned off…we did not see this, as it is sometimes open to tourists, sometimes closed, and the number of tourists let in is limited…but tuna can sometimes fetch over $30,000 a fish at this auction!
There are aisles and aisles of fish on display, being cut up, packaged, not packaged, on ice, in tanks, being bought and sold. The electric flat-bed trucks race up and down the aisles bringing fish from large trucks on the outskirts into the heart of the market…you have to watch where you are going and jump out of the way sometimes, or risk being hit! The Japanese are very formal people; they wait in lines quietly, they don’t push…but in the Tsukiji Fish Market, you will be pushed out of the way, if you are in the way of their work…tourists are, after all, tourists…and these guys are trying to make a living!
To the Japanese, fish is an important part of their diet, so all fish are valued. Also, because Japan is a small, mountainous country with a lot of coastline, fishing is historically important. That is why they still hunt whales and eat whale.
Not only at Tsukiji were there fish; there were clams, oysters, other mollusks, and things that we could not identify for sure.
We purchased a few items while at Tsukiji. We bought some fresh cut cubes of tuna to eat later as sashimi, some salmon roe (or eggs), some specialty items as pictured below.
There were many restaurants around Tsukiji, featuring fish, of course, so we had a breakfast of fresh salmon after our visit. We brought back our our goods and had a real Japanese meal of sashimi with raw tuna and salmon roe later in the day. We had to buy some soy sauce and wasabi to go with the tuna, some rice crackers for the roe, and to drink, some Suntory whiskey…so our Japanese meal was complete. (We ate the omelet the next day for breakfast.)
We thought of the movie “Lost in Translation,” starring Bill Murray, and set in Tokyo, as we drank our Suntory whiskey. His character was doing a commercial for this, which was, or course, dubbed into Japanese, so the only word an English speaker recognizes is “Suntory.” Each time we raised our glass to have a drink we would say “Suntory” with a Japanese accent! Silly, but fun!
Tokyo was a very ordered, clean city. People followed the rules. They would wait for the “Walk” sign to change to cross the street, even when there were no cars. In comparison to China, Japan is much more reserved, sedate, and quieter…obviously the Japanese are a different people!
We just spent a week in Japan visiting Tokyo, Nagasaki, Oji, Nara, and Osaka; where the the cherry trees were in full bloom…along with the plum trees, and the magnolias too. Here are just some of our “cherry” photos of the blooms, the people loving springtime, and the Japanese scenery!
The cherry blossoms of Japan were just gorgeous…so if you missed them in Washington D.C., enjoy these…because that’s where the ones in DC came from. This is the centennial of the gift of 3000 cherry trees from Tokyo to DC, back in 1912. It’s easy to see why the people in both places love them! Hope all your springs are just as pink, blooming, and beautiful!!!
Do you know what “medical tourism” is? It is also called “health tourism,” or “medical travel.” It is where people travel to specific destinations, like Thailand, Singapore, or Malaysia, to get medical care, like major operations such as hip or knee replacement, cardiac surgery, dental surgery; or less major operations like cosmetic or plastic surgery. There are over 50 countries offering medical tourism (Wikipedia). The reason for traveling to other countries for these procedures varies. Some come because, in their home country, they would have to wait a long time to get the procedure, like in the UK or Canada. People from the US often come to these places because it is much cheaper, especially if it is a procedure that they have to pay for “out of pocket.”
Tom became a “medical tourist” in January when he went to Bangkok, Thailand, and had eye surgery. This allows him to get rid of his thick glasses. He has worn glasses since second grade. Ten years ago we ( Tom & Barbara) had gone to Bumrungrad Hospital in Bangkok to look into this possibility. At the time Tom was considering having LASIK surgery, but after consultation, the doctor told him that this would not correct his poor vision enough…he would still need to wear glasses. So, it did not make sense to try this type of surgery. The doctor did ask him if he considered having lens-replacement surgery, or cataract surgery, as “we will all get cataracts if we live long enough…” This operation was more complicated and more costly, so we did not decide to do this then.
But ten years later, and ten more years of vision deterioration, made us reconsider it. There also have been advancements in this type of surgery. So we went back to Bangkok, back to Bumrungrad, back to the same doctor from ten years ago, had another complete examination, and decided to have the lens-replacement surgery. This surgery is called IOL surgery, or Intraocular Lens surgery. The process involves the surgeon making a small incision in the side of one eye, removing the old lens and replacing it with a new plastic lens. No stitches are needed. The operation is done with local anesthesia and the patient is awake throughout the procedure. It takes about 30 to 40 minutes to complete for each eye.
“Medical tourism” is big business. Bumrungrad is a huge facility. It almost does not seem like a hospital as it is geared to handle “medical tourists,” not just patients. It has a huge lobby resembling a classy hotel. It has its own “in-house” McDonalds and Starbucks, and even has a whole building of hotel accommodations for people who want to stay right at the hospital. We saw people from all over Asia and the world there. It is estimated that in 2005, about 55,000 Americans came to Bumrungrad. One patient had coronary artery by-pass that cost $12,000 there, as opposed to $100,000 he estimated it would cost in the US (Wikipedia).
Barbara came along as Tom’s nurse. She helped him through the recovery period. We were in Bangkok for two weeks, as the initial eye exam was done on Tuesday, the first surgery on the left eye scheduled and done on Wednesday, followup exam on Thursday, and then the right eye was done the following Monday, with followup check-ups on Tuesday and Friday. We flew back to China the next Tuesday. We were fortunate to have a long break from Christmas through almost the end of January, so we had time to carry out this process.
The whole process went very smoothly, and we actually relaxed in our hotel room, or by the pool, had great Thai food, watched many movies, which Tom could see now without glasses. He does need to wear glasses to read, but his regular vision is much improved. His doctor did tell Tom, that he did, in fact, have cataracts, so his insurance may cover the procedure, which it did. So the experience was very positive. We would recommend Bumrungrad to other people; they do a fantastic job there. The “eyes” have it!